Edible Plants

Virtually all plants are from locally propagated varieties so you are assured you are getting plants that stand the test of time. All species are growing in our South Georgian Bay microclimate (Canada Zone 6a/5b and USDA Zone 5). Cultivars if not named, are unknown but productive varieties.

Most of our plants are bare-root and dug on-demand (April-May or October-November). Transplanting during active growth is sometimes possible and at your own risk due to transplant shock so extra care is advised.

Why bare root? Bare-root plants are grown in native soil containing microbes naturally in symbiosis with the particular plant, is not coiled up in a container-bound root, and suffers from minimal transplant shock provided it is handled and transplanted carefully. They are also easier to grow so the savings get passed on to you. This ensures you get the healthiest transplants for a good price ($2-$25). A rough guideline for price is $10 for 1' tall trees, and $10 for a 1-gallon pot herb or shrub.

Once again, look for us at the Grey Sauble Conservation annual tree sale on the last Saturday morning of April (POSTPONED PLEASE CHECK GREYSAUBLE FOR NEW DATE Sat April 28th 2018 8am-noon).

We also do Custom Grafting of your trees.

Please Contact Us for delivery opportunities within the Georgian Bay-Toronto corridor and payment options.

Trees

Common name Botanical name Size Description, Interesting Facts

pawpaw

Asimina triloba

1-2' suckers

1-year seedlings

from 20-year-old Thornbury tree planted by the late conservationist Mac Kirk. Know that these seedlings are among the hardiest pawpaw which is the hardiest member of the tropical custard-apple family. With a mango-banana resemblance, this fruit truly tastes out-of-this-continent with no bitterness or astringency found in some other strains.

sweet chestnut (American-Chinese hyb)

Castanea mollissima x dentata American Chinese chestnut nut

Castanea mollissima x dentata 1' prefers acidic sandier soils

fig (Natalina, hardy Chicago)

Ficus sp.   not winter hardy so move indoors

hazelnut hybrid

Corylus x hybrid   numerous Zone 5a and 5b varieties available
ginkgo

Ginkgo biloba maidenhair tree nut

Ginkgo biloba   A living fossil thanks to its medicinal properties having been protected for generations by Chinese monks.
Kentucky coffee tree Gymnocladus dioicus   native to extreme Southern Ontario, nitrogen fixing(?) leguminous tree

heartnut

Juglans cordifolia heartnut nut

Juglans ailantifolia var. cordiformis 0.5' - 5' known primarily for its charming nuts, but also known for its beautiful spreading tree form with large exotic compound leaves

hardy Persian/English/Carpathian walnut

Juglans regia Persian walnut nut

Juglans regia 3' incl. full taproot from 102-year-old Minnie Sheridan's 70-year-old trees. Seed from 2012, the year most of the apples were frost-nipped! Specify 5a or 5b variety.

mulberry

Morus x hybrid 1-year 1' sapling from largest and tastiest fruiting locally-sourced tree
black locust Robinia pseudoacacia   nitrogen-fixing leguminous tree
willows Salix sp.   red corkscrew, green corkscrew, pussy willow

Japanese pagoda tree

Styphnolobium (Sophora) japonicum   nitrogen fixing(?) leguminous tree

fragrant spring tree

Toona sinensis 6" grow the hardiest member of the mahogany family, edible onion-like leaves

yellowhorn

Xanthoceras sorbifolium yellowhorn nut

Xanthoceras sorbifolium   an edible nut from the soapberry family

 

Shrubs and Vines

 Common name  Botanical name Description, interesting facts

Saskatoon berry

Amelanchier canadensis (small native tree and higher shade tolerance)

Amelanchier alnifolia (large prairie shrub and common commercial cultivar)

looks and tastes like blueberry, and the seeds taste of almond

Chinese/kousa dogwood

Cornus kousa Chinese dogwood fruit

Cornus kousa lovely custard tasting but little fruit

Sea buckthorn

Hippophae rhamnoides

Male

Female - could be 'citrus gold' or 'Huron sunset')

trailing? Oregon grape

Mahonia repens/aqufolium  

chum (cherry plum hybrid) 'Opata'

Prunus x hybrid  

currants: red currant, white currant, gooseberry, black currant, clove currant, jostaberry

Ribes silvestre, uva-crispa, nigrum, odoratum, x culverwellii

Red currant likely 'Red Lake'

Black currant is 'Titania'

thornless blackberry Rubus fruticosus likely 'Chester'
raspberry Rubus idares

big red summer fruit

or

golden fruit autumn variety

 

Seeds and Sprouted Seeds from well-established, locally adapted trees (seasonal)

 Common name  Botanical name
black alder Alnus glutinosa
speckled alder Alnus rugosa

ultra-hardy northern pecan

Carya illinoinensis ultra-hardy northern pecan

Carya illinoinensis

shellbark hickory

Carya laciniosa

shagbark hickory

Carya ovata

northern catalpa

Catalpa speciosa

redbud

Cercis canadensis
sweetgum Liquidamber styraciflua
tulip tree Liriodendron tulipifera
Amur maackia

Maackia amurensis
dawn redwood Metasequoia glyptostroboides
London plane Platanus × acerifolia

 

Perennial Vegetables

Common name

Common name  Botanical name Tastes like and replaces
horseradish Armoracia rusticana wasabi
asparagus 'Jersey giant' Asparagus officinalis  
Turkish rocket Bunias orientalis rapini
strawberry (everbearing) Fragaria hybrid  
Jerusalem artichoke Helianthus tuberosus potato
yacon Smallanthus sonchifolius jicama, water chestnut, Asian pear

rhubarb

Rheum x cultorum rhubarb stalk

Rheum x cultorum  

sorrel

Rumex acetosa French sorrel foliage

Rumex acetosa  
salad burnet Sanguisorba minor borage flowers
skirret Sium sisarum parsnip
Chinese artichoke Stachys affinis  
stinging nettle Urtica dioica  
sea kale Crambe maritima kale, collards

 

Herbs

Common name  Botanical name Tastes like and replaces  

anise hyssop

Agastache foeniculum anise hyssop flower

Agastache foeniculum    
tarragon Artemisia dracunculus    
yomogi Artemisia princeps    
dwarf canebrake bamboo Arundinaria gigantea   a true hardy bamboo that may keep its evergreen leaves during mild winters
Chinese milkvetch/astragalus, huang qi Astragalus membranaceous   traditional Chinese medicine herb
mitsuba Cryptotaenia japonica parsley, chervil, garnish shade-loving herb with an aromatic taste
cinnamon yam, shan yao, Chinese yam Dioscorea opposita/polytachya   productive, perennial medicinal root vegetable. What more can you ask for?

sweet fennel, bronze fennel

Foeniculum vulgare var. purpureum bronze fennel foliage

Foeniculum vulgare var. dulce, var. purpureum    
sweetgrass Hierochloe odorata   smudge for First Nations
hosta Hosta sp.    
hyssop Hyssopus officinalis    
lavender Lavandula angustifolia    
lovage Levisticum officinale celery I love a lot of lovage!
lemon balm 'citronella' Melissa officinalis   plant with sweetgrass as its benefits keep you calm and tranquil

mints (apple, chocolate, spear, pepper, mountain)

Pycnanthemum virginianum Virginia mountain mint flowers

Mentha sp., Pycnanthemum virginianum    
sweet cicely Myrrhis odorata   sweet juicy and licorice tasting herb, with most of the sugars in the root and early flowerheads. Edible leaves and early flowerheads both make a delightful garnish.
catnip Nepeta cataria    
fuki Petasites japonicus    
sage Salvia officinalis    
winter savory Satureja montana savory great all-round herb for soup
comfrey Symphytum officinale   very effective soil builder, green manure, compost tea, livestock forage, and medicinal plant
valerian Valeriana officinalis   plant beside sweetgrass and lemon balm as its benefits keep you calm and tranquil

 

Ontario Native Wildflowers

predominately oak-savannah species from local if not Toronto genetics

yellow coneflower, wild bergamot, sky-blue aster, wild quinine, tall sunflower, Maximillian sunflower, pearly everlasting

prickly-pear cactus (Opuntia humifosa)

 

If we don't have what you are looking for, or we advise against digging an actively growing plant, also check out our friends nearby at Fiddlehead Nursery. Tell Ben our web site referred you.